Armand Guillaumin’s long career saw him participate in exhibitions from as early as 1863 right up until 1926, the year before his death. Posthumously, his work has been exhibited in museums and in private galleries worldwide. Here is a comprehensive listing of solo exhibitions and some of the many group exhibitions in which he participated. It unfolds in a roughly (though not faithfully) chronological order. All were held in Paris unless otherwise noted.
Salon des Refusés 1863
The “exhibition of rejects”, held in a rear portion of the Palais de l’Industrie in May of 1863, was commissioned by Emperor Napoleon III to accommodate works rejected by the Salon jury that year. Among the rejected artists who showed there were Armand Guillaumin, Paul Cezanne, Camille Pissarro, Edouard Manet, and James Whistler. A thousand visitors a day crowded into the viewing rooms to ridicule the paintings, which included Manet’s masterpiece, The Luncheon on the Grass. Guillaumin exhibited one painting about which nothing is known.
“The Impressionists” 1874-1886
A member from the beginning of the Société anonyme des artistes peintres, sculpteurs et graveurs, etc., commonly referred to thereafter as Impressionnistes, Guillaumin exhibited in six of the eight group shows from the first, in April 1874, to the last in May of 1886.
The first Impressionist exhibition 1874 – There were 31 exhibitors. Guillaumin showed 3 oil paintings as listed in the catalogue:
No. 64 Le Soir, paysage
No. 65 Temps pluvieux, paysage
No. 66 Soleil couchant à Ivry (lent by Dr. Gachet):
The third Impressionist exhibition 1877- There were 18 exhibitors in a show organized principally by Gustave Caillebotte and Renoir. Guillaumin exhibited 12 oil paintings:
No. 62 Le parc d’Issy en automne
No. 63 Route de Clamart à Issy
No. 64 Viaduc de Fleury:
No. 65 Rue de Saint-Cloud, à Clamart
No. 66 Lavoir à Billancourt
No. 67 Le parc d’Issy
No. 68 Le coteau de Mendon
No. 69 Le Val Fleury
No. 70 Rue de Trosy à Clamart
No. 71 Femme couchée (see Colleagues page, under Van Gogh)
No. 72 Le parc d’Issy
No. 73 Rue à Clamart
The fifth Impressionist exhibition 1880- There were 19 exhibitors. Guillaumin exhibited 18 oil paintings and 4 pastels:
No. 63 Bords de la Marne
No. 64 Port d’Austerlitz
No. 65 Port d’Austerlitz, effet de neige
No. 66 Port d’Austerlitz, effet de neige
No. 67 Quai de la Gare, effet de neige (painted in 1873):
No. 68 Rue des écoles à Fontenay-aux-Roses
No. 69 Fontenay-aux-Roses
No. 70 La Marne à Ivry
No. 71 Portrait de M.A.
No. 72 Portrait de M.G.
No. 73 Paysage, printemps
No. 74 Paysage à Fontenay
No. 75 Fosse basin à Fontenay
No. 76 Collégien
No. 77 Plaine de Châtillon
No. 78 Plaine de Châtillon, automne
No. 79 Carrière abandonnée
No. 80 Pont-Marie
No. 81 Mlle B. (pastel)
No. 82 M. Martinez (pastel; see The Artist page)
No. 83 Mme M. (pastel)
No. 84 Mme G. (pastel)
The sixth Impressionist exhibition 1881- There were 14 exhibitors, many of whom were introduced by Degas. Guillaumin exhibited 10 oil paintings, 1 watercolour, and 5 pastels:
No. 40 Paysage à Châtillon
No. 41 Jardin à Châtillon
No. 42 Quai des Célestins
No. 43 Quai Sully (lent by Gauguin; see Colleagues page)
No. 44 Quai d’Austerlitz
No. 45 Quai de la Râpée:
No. 46 Quai Henri IV
No. 47 Route de Vanves-à-Clamart
No. 48 Portrait de Mlle B. en costume de page
No. 49 Paysage
No. 50 Quai Saint-Bernard (watercolour)
No. 51 Portrait de M. J.A. (pastel)
No. 52 Portrait de M. Martinez (pastel)
No. 53 Portrait de C.G. (pastel)
No. 54 Portrait de Mlle M.L. (pastel)
No. 55 Étude de bateaux (pastel)
The seventh Impressionist exhibition 1882- This is widely considered the best, most representative of the eight shows. It featured the fewest exhibitors: nine. The dealer, Paul Durand-Ruel along with Caillebotte were the driving force this time. None of Guillaumin’s works has been identified beyond the titles. He exhibited 13 oil paintings and 13 pastels:
No. 31 Le côteau de Chatillon
No. 32 Paysage d’automne
No. 33 Paysage (fin octobre)
No. 34 Paysage à Chatillon
No. 35 Pont Louis-Phillippe
No. 36 Abreuvoir (quai de Célestins)
No. 37 Avant-Porte (Dieppe)
No. 38 Le voltigeur
No. 39 La pointe d’Ailly
No. 40 Lavoirs (Pont-Marie)
No. 41 Chemin du Clos-Montholon
No. 42 Étude
No. 43 Marine, étude
No. 44 Étude dans un jardin
No. 45 Étude dans un jardin
No. 46 Le pont Louis-Philippe
No. 47 Petite Fille
No. 48 Étude
No. 49 Étude au bord de l’eau
No. 50 Quai des Célestins
No. 51 Carrière
No. 52 Paysage à la fosse Bazin
No. 53 Carrière
No. 54 Parc d’Issy
No. 55 Jardin
No. 56 Bateaux sur la Seine
The eight Impressionist exhibition 1886- Guillaumin had a big part in organizing this, the final group show, which featured 18 exhibitors. He shuttled between Berthe Morisot and her husband, Eugène Manet (who helped to finance it), and Pissarro to reach an agreement on the inclusion of Paul Signac and Georges Seurat. He also succeeded in bringing in Odilon Redon, whom he had met at The Indépendants. Guillaumin exhibited 21 works, including 17 oils and 4 pastels:
No. 61 Paysage d’été à Damiette
No. 62 Crépuscule à Damiette:
No. 63 Paysage, fin de l’hiver
No. Chaumières à Damiette
No. 65 Portrait
No. 66 Intérieur à Damiette
No. 67 Jeune fille lisant
No. 68 Prairie à Damiette
No. 69 Jardin à Damiette
No. 70 Jardin à Damiette
No. 71 Les pêcheurs:
No. 72 Étude
No. 73 Bords de l’Yvette, le matin
No. 74 Damiette, paysage du matin
No. 75 Pêcheurs
No. 76 Soleil couchant
No. 77 Paysage à Damiette
No. 78 Portrait (pastel)
No. 79 Tête de jeune fille (pastel)
No. 80 Enfant endormi (pastel)
No. 81 Travesti (pastel)
Les Indépendants 1884, 1890
In the spring of 1884, hundreds of artists rejected by the Salon jury, along with others, founded the Groupe des Artistes Indépendants, which held its first exhibition in May, 1884. Guillaumin was the only one of the Impressionist group to participate. He was joined by his protégé, Paul Signac, with whom he met and befriended Georges Seurat and Odilon Redon. After this exhibition closed in a state of chaos in June, the association was reconstituted as the Société des Artistes Indépendants and another show was held in December of that year. Guillaumin again joined his young friends in exhibiting, though he refrained from doing so again until March, 1890, when he presented 10 works:
American Art Galleries, New York 1886
In March of 1886, the art dealer, Paul Durand-Ruel, shipped 289 works to New York in order to introduce Americans to the art of the Impressionists. Among those were seven paintings by Armand Guillaumin. While critics in France were still largely hostile, American critics were surprisingly receptive to impressionism and the exhibition was well-attended. In fact, its run was extended to a second month and moved to the larger National Academy of Design. Sales were modest, but the exercise succeeded in opening up a new market for Guillaumin and his friends.
Nantes Art Fair 1886
In October, 1886, Guillaumin was represented at this large exhibition along with Pissarro, Seurat, Renoir, Sisley and Rodin.
Boussod et Valadon 1888
At the gallery managed by Theo van Gogh, Guillaumin participated in a three-man show in January, 1888 with Camille Pissarro and Paul Gauguin. Theo personally owned several Guillaumin canvases and acted as a dealer for him from 1887 until his sudden death in January 1891.
Les XX, Brussels 1888, 1891
Les XX was a group of twenty Belgian artists who held annual exhibitions from1884 to 1893, each one featuring twenty international invitees. In February 1888, Guillaumin was invited to exhibit, as were Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Paul Signac. In January 1891, he was asked back, and this time, his works hung among those of Seurat, Sisley, Pissarro, and a posthumous retrospective of paintings by Van Gogh.
La Revue indépendante 1888
The premises of this political, literary and artistic journal was the location of Guillaumin’s first solo exhibition, which took place in May of 1888. Félix Fénéon, the young critic who had praised the artist’s work in the final Impressionist exhibition, was a contributor to this symbolist publication.
Galeries Durand-Ruel 1894
A large Guillaumin retrospective exhibition was held in January and February, 1894 in the galleries of the Impressionist’s longtime champion and principal dealer. It featured 106 works, including 64 oil paintings and 42 pastels. A catalogue was published with a 15-page essay by the esteemed critic, Arsène Alexandre, in which he praised Guillaumin as a gifted artist “who was keenly struck by certain aspects of nature, and who sought to render them in a candid and vigorous manner.” The exhibition was a critical and commercial success, with almost all of the available works sold by closing day.
Galerie Ambroise Vollard 1892-1897
Vollard began to purchase works by Guillaumin in 1892 and exhibited them in a seventh-floor apartment before opening a gallery of the rue Lafitte the following year. In January 1894, he displayed works by Guillaumin, Gauguin, Sisley and others. In both 1896 and 1897, Vollard published a volume of limited-edition lithographs entitled, Les peintres-graveurs that each featured one work by Guillaumin, including, in 1896, a view of Agay, Les Roches Rouge:
From February 16 to March 15 1897, Vollard presented a large solo exhibition by Guillaumin.
Exposition Universelle 1900
The 1900 World’s Fair was held in Paris from April to November during which over 48 million visitors attended. Guillaumin was represented in the pavilion of French art.
Galerie Bernheim-Jeune 1901, 1906
The famed gallery in the heart of Paris held an exhibition of Guillaumin’s work from May 6-20, 1901 and again in April 1906. In 1926, the gallery published a monograph on the artist written by Georges Lecomte.
Salon d’Automne 1903-1927
The Salon d’Automne was founded in 1903 and held annually thereafter except during wartime. Armand Guillaumin exhibited there from the start and did so off and on until 1926, when a large retrospective of his work was mounted. In 1927, a posthumous exhibit was organized. Guillaumin served as the president of the painting section in 1906, when he helped to organize a retrospective of 227 works by his old friend, Paul Gauguin. In that same year he exhibited 7 canvases.
Galerie Eugène Druet 1907 and 1909
Guillaumin had two solo exhibitions here at a time when Druet was the go-to destination for adventurous art collectors seeking to buy the works of Henri Matisse and Albert Marquet. In one, from May 17-29 1909, the gallery exhibited 42 recent paintings and 18 pastels.
Galerie Paul Rosenberg 1908
A comprehensive Guillaumin retrospective exhibition was held in November 1908 in the new gallery of the man who was to become one of the most important art dealers in the world. Featured were contemporary works plus some dating to the Impressionist era, including this 1878 view of Charenton:
La Libre Esthétique, Brussels 1908
Guillaumin sent three recent paintings, which were shown from March 1 to April 15, to this successor to Les XX.
Galerie Eugène Blot 1911
This one-man exhibition featured 57 works. Blot, who had met the artist in 1886, dealt in Guillaumins for many years and was a great admirer. In 1913, he said of the artist: “He paints because it is his destiny; he paints, for it is his one and great satisfaction, it is the reason of his being, of his existence. And he paints resolutely, with a large touch, with a bold stroke, almost fiercely.”
Galerie Montaigne 1913
A one-man exhibition of Guillaumin’s work was staged at this Parisian gallery made famous by the Salon Dada staged there in 1921.
Galerie Nunes et Fiquet 1917
Little is known about the exhibition itself, though it did occur in the same year as one devoted to Guillaumin’s old friend, Paul Gauguin.
Galerie Haussmann 1917 and 1921
Retrospective exhibitions were held here four years apart; the first, for which a catalogue was published, occurred in 1917, and the second opened on January 21, 1921.
Durand-Ruel Galleries, New York 1922, 1928, 1938
An Exhibition of Paintings by Armand Guillaumin was held from April 3-22 1922 at the New York branch of the famed French dealer. On display were 18 recent canvases that featured, among others, views of Crozant and Agay. Two more one-man shows were held in 1928 and 1938 and works by Guillaumin were exhibited in 1934 as part of Paintings by the Master Impressionists.
Galerie Raphaël Gérard 1938 and 1941
An Exposition Guillaumin was presented from November 14-26 1938; a catalogue was published, entitled: Selection d’oeuvres de Guillaumin (A Selection of Works by Guillaumin). The circa 1896 canvas, La Prairie (The Meadow), a copy of an 1885 painting, Village sur le coteau, vallée de Chevreuse, was catalogue #39.
From May 24 to June 7 1941, the gallery presented: Centenaire de A. Guillaumin (1841-1927) : exposition d’oeuvres maîtresses (Centennial of A. Guillaumin, exhibition of masterpieces), again with a catalogue. On display were the two canvases shown below: Saint Palais, Pointe de la Perrière, circa 1893, catalogue # 41, and La mare aux saules, Île-de-France, circa 1889, catalogue #77:
Galerie Jean de Ruaz 1951, 1956
In May 1951, the gallery hosted an exhibition entitled, Guillaumin, and from November to December 1956, there was a two-man show that included works by Albert Lebourg. In the first show, this 1873 painting, Guinguette au Bord de La Seine, was offered for sale:
Galerie Serret-Fauvreau 1970
After thirteen years without any major exhibitions devoted to Guillaumin, the large Hommage to Armand Guillaumin ran from April 14 to May 7 1970 at the Galerie Serret-Fauvreau. This mid-1880s painting of Damiette was listed in the catalogue as #20:
Hirschl & Adler, New York 1971
Opening November 4 and closing November 27, the show was called, Paintings by Jean Baptiste Armand Guillaumin.
Galerie Wally F. Findlay 1972
In June, an exhibition of 30 paintings was on view at the Parisian outpost of this American dealer. A 20-page catalogue was printed.
Musée du Petit-Palais, Geneva 1974-75 and 1992
In 1974/75, in celebration of 100 years of impressionism, the Musée du Petit-Palais presented works by the group members plus a section devoted to Armand Guillaumin. The exhibition was called Centenaire de l’impressionnisme et hommage à Guillaumin. Then in May 1992, the same institution organized Armand Guillaumin, l’Impressionniste, ami de Cezanne et de Van Gogh, which travelled to Toulouse, and ran from February to May 1993 at the Musée Paul Dupuy, and to the Musée des Beaux Arts at Clermont-Ferrand. This pastel from 1893 was catalogue #25 in 1992-93:
Musée Pissarro, Pontoise 1991
From October 5 to November 17 1991, an exhibition was staged at the museum devoted to art and artists associated with Camille Pissarro, entitled Armand Guillaumin, les années impressionnistes. A book of the same name was published and the show travelled to Aulnay-sur-Bois and ran at the Galerie de Hotel de Ville from November 23 to December 17. This still life, painted in 1873 at the home of Dr. Gachet, was included:
Musée des Beaux Arts, Clermont-Ferrand 1995
Just three years after hosting a large exhibition of paintings by Guillaumin, this regional museum presented a show of the artist’s print oeuvre. Entitled Armand Guillaumin gravures et lithographies, it ran from February 17 to June 11 and was accompanied by a 48-page catalogue:
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne 1996
Vom Spiel der Farbe: Armand Guillaumin, ein vergessener Impressionist (On the Play of Colour: Armand Guillaumin, a forgotten Impressionist) ran from February to May 1996.
Fondation de l’Hermitage, Lausanne 1996
From July to October 1996, Armand Guillaumin, un maître de l’impressionnisme français was on view at this lovely Swiss venue. A 199-page catalogue was published. This 1907 canvas depicting one of the artist’s daughters was catalogue #80.
Musée d’Art et d’Histoire, Belfort (France) 1997
In 1997, Armand Guillaumin, de la lumière à la couleur appeared as both exhibition and book titles. The museum in Belfort put together a 111-page illustrated publication to accompany the exhibit:
Palazzo Bricherasio, Turin (Italy) 2003-04
A 153-page catalogue accompanied this exhibition that ran from October 2003 to February 2004. This was the first major showing of Guillaumin’s work in Italy and the show, entitled L’impressionismo di Armand Guillaumin, also included works by Cézanne, Degas, Monet, Pissarro, Renoir and Sisley.
Musée Fournaise, Chatou 2003
An exhibition that made explicit the chromatic connection between Guillaumin and The Fauves was held from April 26 to November 2 2003 at the Musée Fournaise in Chatou, northwest of Paris on the banks of the Seine. It was called Armand Guillaumin l’impressionniste fauve and featured 68 works including prints, drawings, pastels and oils. A 56-page catalogue was published that included many illustrations and a detailed biography of the artist. One of the paintings shown was this 1904 view of Crozant:
Berry-Hill Galleries, New York 2004
A show simply titled, Armand Guillaumin (1841-1927), accompanied by a catalogue, ran at this Manhattan gallery the year before it filed for bankruptcy amid lawsuits over alleged crooked deals.
Galerie Pierre Levy 2009
From September 18-November 25 2009, a retrospective of pre-1900 paintings was featured here and an exhibition catalogue written by Dominique Fabiani was produced. In a review of the show, art historian James Rubin writes: “The beauty of the Paris exhibition, then, was… the astounding quality of the pictures themselves.” He notes that the reproductions in the catalogue are good “but they still cannot equal the paintings in scale or coloristic intensity. You have to have been there in front of the pictures.” And he adds, “The exhibition demonstrates the power of Guillaumin’s technique and what might be called the concentration of his eye.” He highlighted the painting below, La Plaine de Bagneux au sud de Paris from 1874, as the most beautiful in the show:
Musée des impressionnismes Giverny 2010
Impressionism on the Seine, which ran from April 1 to June 18 2010, featured 52 paintings including three by Guillaumin. The circa 1880 Quai de la Rapée was one:
l’Hôtel Lépinat, Crozant 2015-16
Armand Guillaumin: Pourquoi Crozant? ran for one year, from June 2015 to June 2016, in a venue located in Guillaumin’s adopted hometown of Crozant. A 20-page booklet of the same name was published.
Petit Palais 2017-18
L’Art du Pastel de Degas à Redon was a large exhibition at this Paris museum that highlighted 200 works in pastel from its collection, including those of Guillaumin. It ran from September 15 2017 until April 8 2018.
Atelier Grognard, Rueil-Malmaison (France) 2019
Located in a former 19th century factory in a town west of Paris, this intimate cultural space hosted an impressive show called Peindre dans la vallée de la Creuse 1830-1930 (To Paint in the valley of the Creuse) from February 1 to May 26 2019. Works by Guillaumin were hung alongside those of his one-time compatriot, Claude Monet. A lavishly-illustrated book was published on the occasion.
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City 2021-22
Opening February 12 2021, and closing January 23 2022, Among Friends: Guillaumin, Cézanne, Pissarro featured works by all three artists with the main focus being on Guillaumin to “provide a unique opportunity to gain a more nuanced understanding of this artist alongside Cézanne and Pissarro, in an exhibition that highlights their creativity, exchange, and friendship”, according to the museum’s promotional material. The circa 1874 oil, Landscape, Ivry-sur-Seine, below, was on display as was the 1904, Morning, Rouen, at the bottom of the page:
Musée d’Orsay, Paris 2021-22
An exhibition of works that had once belonged to Guillaumin’s old friend, Paul Signac, entitled Signac collectionneur, ran from October 12 2021 to February 13 2022. In addition to paintings by Guillaumin, such as the ever-popular Quai de la Rapée, were works by Monet, Degas, Cezanne and Seurat.